Early British History
The early British history is full of action and changes. The first people who lived in Britain were hunters and they gathered everything they needed. At that time, nobody could write, so they didn't leave a record that they existed. What they did leave was artifacts and tools that they used. After a while, very old-fashioned agriculture was developed and the manpower to create Stonehenge. The Romans were the first literate people who came to Britain, and they introduced government, laws, good roads and Christianity to the Celtic people who lived there. The Roman-Celtic people were gradually replaced with Angles and Saxons. The Vikings came to the country and plundered Britain, which later resulted in the Battle of Stamford Bridge where the King of Norway was killed by King Harold II. Immediately after this, William, Duke of Normandy, killed King Harold at the Battle of Hastings and took over the power. In 1215, King John signed the Magna Carta and that made his power limited. In the period known as the Renaissance, Henry VIII came to the throne. He was a ruthless and violent man, but took interest in music and arts. He created the Church of England because he couldn't divorce his wife in the Roman Catholic Church. His daughter, Mary I, is remembered as Bloody Mary because of her violent attempts to re-establish the Roman Catholicism in Britain. Henry's other daughter, Elizabeth I, was very careful when she came to power with the question of religion. She also defeated the Spanish Armada.
I believe that especially the Romans had a great impact on Britain today, because they introduced a whole new way of government and rule. Until they arrived there weren't any specific laws. They created a new way of building better roads and brought Christianity into the country. I also believe the Magna Carta was very important to Britain, as it limited the Kings power. They created the Commons, granting taxes to the crown and offering advice on policy, and that is the origin of Parliament. A person I believe has shaped Britain is Elizabeth I, and her reign. Since she tread carefully between the religions in her realm, and maintained peace, the flowering of arts and literature led to the era of Christopher Marlow, Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Philip Sidney and the great William Shakespeare. She also defeated the Spanish Armada, which marked Britain as a great power and the start of the British Empire.
Queen Mary I and Elizabeth I
Access to English: Social Studies, Cappelen Damm, Oslo 2014